Fédération Cynologique Internationale

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Fédération cynologique internationale
Formation22 May 1911
TypeFederation of kennel clubs
Legal statusActive
Region served
Official language
French, English, German, Spanish
Tamas Jakkel
Main organ
FCI General Committee

The Fédération cynologique internationale (FCI) (English: International Canine Federation) is the largest[1] international federation of national kennel clubs. It is based in Thuin, Belgium.


The FCI was founded in 1911 under the auspices of the kennel clubs of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands, its objective was to bring global uniformity to the breeding, exhibiting and judging of pure-bred dogs.[2][3][4] It was disbanded in World War I and recreated in 1921 by Belgium and France.[5] Since its foundation the FCI's membership has grown to include kennel clubs from across Europe as well as Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania.[3]

The official purebred registries in North America that are not members or contract partners of FCI include the American Kennel Club (AKC), Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and United Kennel Club (UKC), and in Europe, The Kennel Club (TKC).[6] According to AKC's Denise Flaim, crafting a workable standard is a challenge, and the "FCI standards typically have a greater number of disqualifications, which are sometimes subjective, and their impact on a dog’s career is not as dire."[7]


The FCI automatically recognises all registered breeds recognised by any of its member kennel clubs, therefore its list of recognised dog breeds includes breeds not known outside of their country of origin.[3] The FCI divides the breeds it recognises into ten groups based on various discriminators such as appearance or role:[8]

  1. Sheepdogs and cattle dogs (except Swiss cattle dogs)
  2. Pinschers and schnauzers - molossoid breeds - Swiss mountain and cattle dogs and other breeds
  3. Terriers
  4. Dachshunds
  5. Spitz and primitive types
  6. Scenthounds and related breeds
  7. Pointers and setters
  8. Retrievers - flushing dogs - water dogs
  9. Companion and toy dogs
  10. Sighthounds

FCI members[edit]

FCI Member states

The FCI has members, associates and partners in 98 countries,.[9]

Country Member club's name
Argentina Federación Cinológica Argentina[10]
Armenia Armenian Dog-Lovers' Association[11]
Australia Australian National Kennel Council[12]
Austria Österreichische Kynologenverband[11]
Azerbaijan Kennel Union of the Republic of Azerbaijan[11]
Bahrain Bahrain Kennel Club[12]
Belarus Belorussian Cynological Union[11]
Belgium Union Royale Cynologique Saint Hubert[11]
Bolivia Kennel Club Boliviano[10]
Bosnia and Herzegovina Kinološki Savez u Bosni i Hercegovini[11]
Brazil Confederação Brasileira de Cinofilia[10]
Bulgaria Bulgarian Republican Federation of Cynology[11]
Chile Kennel Club de Chile[10]
China China Kennel Union[12]
Colombia Asociación Club Canino Colombiano[10]
Costa Rica Asociación Canófila Costarricense[10]
Croatia Hrvatski Kinoloski Savez[11]
Cuba Federación Cinólogica de Cuba[10]
Cyprus Cyprus Kennel Club[11]
Czech Republic Českomoravská Kynologická Unie[11]
Denmark Dansk Kennel Club[11]
Dominican Republic Federación Canina Dominicana[10]
Ecuador Asociación Ecuatoriana de Registros Caninos[10]
Egypt Egyptian Kennel Federation[12]
El Salvador Asociación Canófila Salvadoreña[10]
Estonia Eesti Kennelliit[11]
Finland Suomen Kennelliitto[11]
France Société Centrale Canine[11]
Georgia Fédération Cynologique de Géorgie[11]
Germany Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen[11]
Gibraltar Gibraltar Kennel Club[11]
Greece Kennel Club of Greece[11]
Guatemala Asociación Canófila Guatemalteca[10]
Honduras Asociación Canófila de Honduras[10]
Hungary Magyar Ebtenyésztők Országos Egyesülete[11]
Iceland Hundaræktarfélags Íslands[11]
India Kennel Club of India[12]
Indonesia PERKIN Perkumpulan Kinologi Indonesia[12]
Ireland Irish Kennel Club[11]
Israel Israel Kennel Club[11]
Italy Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana[11]
Japan Japan Kennel Club[12]
Kazakhstan Union of Cynologists of Kazakhstan[11]
Kyrgyzstan Union of Cynologists of Kyrgyz Republic[11]
Latvia Latvijas Kinologiska Federacija[11]
Lithuania Lietuvos kinologų draugija[11]
Luxembourg Fédération Cynologique Luxembourgeoise[11]
Macedonia Kennel Association of Republic of Macedonia[11]
Malaysia Malaysian Kennel Association[12]
Malta Malta Kennel Club[11]
Mexico Federación Canófila Mexicana[10]
Moldova Uniunea Chinologică din Moldova[11]
Monaco Société Canine de Monaco[11]
Montenegro Kinološki savez Crne Gore[11]
Morocco Société Centrale Canine Marocaine[11]
Netherlands Raad van Beheer op Kynologisch Gebied in Nederland[11]
New Zealand New Zealand Kennel Club[12]
Nicaragua Asociación Canina Nicaragüense[10]
Norway Norsk Kennel Klub[11]
Pakistan Kennel Club of Pakistan[12]
Panama Club Canino de Panama[10]
Paraguay Paraguay Kennel Club[10]
Peru Kennel Club Peruano[10]
Philippines Philippine Canine Club[12]
Poland Związek Kynologiczny w Polsce[11]
Portugal Clube Português de Canicultura[11]
Puerto Rico Federación Canófila de Puerto Rico[10]
Romania Asociația Chinologică Română[11]
Russia Russian Kynological Federation[11]
San Marino Kennel Club San Marino[11]
Serbia Kinološki savez Srbije[11]
Singapore Singapore Kennel Club[12]
Slovakia Slovenska Kynologicka Jednota[11]
Slovenia Kinološka Zveza Slovenije[11]
South Africa Kennel Union of Southern Africa[12]
South Korea Korea Kennel Federation[12]
Spain Real Sociedad Canina en España[11]
Sri Lanka Kennel Association of Sri Lanka[12]
Sudan Sudanese Kennel Club Association[12]
Sweden Svenska Kennelklubben[11]
Switzerland Société Cynologique Suisse[11]
Taiwan Kennel Club of Taiwan[12]
Thailand The Kennel Association of Thailand[12]
Turkey Köpek Irklari ve Kinoloji Federasyonu[11]
Ukraine Ukrainian Kennel Union[11]
Uruguay Kennel Club Uruguayo[10]
Uzbekistan Kynological Federation of Uzbekistan[11]
Venezuela Federación Canina de Venezuela[10]
Vietnam Vietnam Kennel Association[12]

FCI partners[edit]

Country FCI partner agreement
Canada Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) 1 April 2009[13]
United Kingdom The Kennel Club (KC) 1 May 2017[13]
United States American Kennel Club (AKC) 5 November 2005[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ FCI: the largest canine organisation of the world, FCI.be
  2. ^ Fogle, Bruce (2009). The encyclopedia of the dog. New York: DK Publishing. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-7566-6004-8.
  3. ^ a b c The Readers Digest illustrated book of dogs. Montreal: The Readers Digest Association (Canada) Ltd. 1982. p. 369. ISBN 0-88850-129-3.
  4. ^ Indrebø, Astrid (Autumn 2013). "The role of the FCI, national kennel clubs and breeders regarding the functional health of pedigree dogs" (PDF). EJCAP. Federation of European Companion Animal Veterinary Associations. 23 (3): 4–11. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  5. ^ "History of the FCI". Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Statistics: FCI members, partners & sections". Fédération Cynologique Internationale. 2022-06-20. Retrieved 2022-06-26.
  7. ^ Flaim, Denise (2022-01-05). "How Does a Dog Breed Become AKC-Recognized?". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 2022-06-26.
  8. ^ "FCI breeds nomenclature". Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  9. ^ "FCI members and contract partners". www.fci.be.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Fédération Cynologique Internationale, "FCI members and contract partners, The Americas & Caribbean", www.fci.be, retrieved 24 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax Fédération Cynologique Internationale, "FCI members and contract partners, Europe", www.fci.be, retrieved 24 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Fédération Cynologique Internationale, "FCI members and contract partners, Asia, Africa & Oceania", www.fci.be, retrieved 24 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b c "Members & Partners". www.fci.be. Retrieved 2021-07-08.

External links[edit]